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How to Take Care of Your Skin

Know the largest organ of your body? Yeah, you guessed it right. It is your skin. That is why it deserves a lot of care and attention from you. Life can get really busy at times and we tend to get careless about our general health let alone our skin matters. But ignoring yourself results in some serious damage over a long period of time and then we hate ourselves for not being thoughtful enough. If you are one of such people, it’s okay. There is still time to develop a nice self care routine to rejuvenate your skin health.

Having a nice and glowing skin matters a great deal for your appearance. But such a skin requires care with consistency and patience for a while. The results do not show overnight especially when the damage is old. Your skin recovers slowly and you need to religiously follow a suitable skin care routine. If you do, your skin will heal and restore its health in some time. Now, where to begin from? There is a simple three step answer to this question. Cleanse, sunscreen and moisturize. You need the right kind of products for this and before you go skincare shopping, you need to know your skin type.

Skin type test:

Skin type ranges from dry to oily, having normal and combination skin in between. There is an easy 4-step test that you can do right away to know your skin type by testing the serum production.

  1. Wash your face and pat it dry.
  2. Wait for 30 minutes (if that’s even a step duh!)
  3. Press oil blotting paper or tissue on your face. Press it on different areas of your skin such as your cheeks, forehead, nose, and chin.
  4. Now hold the sheet to the light to see how transparent the paper is.

You will have either of these four results:

  1. If your test results show no transparency but flakes or tight skin then your skin is dry.
  2. If the paper is soaked through, your skin type is oily.
  3. If there are different levels of absorption on different areas of the face then you have combination skin.
  4. If the paper is neither too oily nor has any flaky skin then your skin type is dry.

Basic skincare routine

Once you are confident about your skin type, you can make purchases according to it.

Cleanser:

Browse through the options you have available with the ingredients that suit your skin type. Your cleanser should not leave your skin dry after washing. Don’t wash your face more than once or twice a day. Don’t aim for the squeaky clean face after cleansing because that means you are stripping natural oils away from your face.

Moisturizer:

All skin types need moisturizing. Don’t think you don’t need one if your skin is oily. For oily skin, use one that is gel-based and does not get your pores blocked. In case of dry skin, go for a cream-based product. Most brands have their products labeled with the type of moisturizing ingredient they consist of.

Sunscreen:

Climate change is real and you need to protect your skin from the harsh rays of the sun that are very damaging to it. Use a sunscreen that has either one or both of Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide. Choose a sunscreen that gives broad-spectrum protection against UVA as well as UVB sun rays. Skins with darker tones need more sun protection because hyperpigmentation is harder to correct. Apply it every day even if you are staying indoors and 15 minutes before you step out because it needs some time to activate. Make sure your sunscreen is SPF 30 or more.

Be mindful of the ingredients present in your product. Ingredients like retinol or prescription retinoids are to be used only at night. These are the skincare basics. Following these will definitely help your skin if you continue it for a while. Remember that skincare products do not work instantly but they do. Once you comfortably slip into a basic skincare routine, you can add more products such as exfoliants, masks, and spot treatments to boost your skin health.

Patch Testing

It is important to note that any new products you buy, you should always go for a patch test first. Doing a patch test is very easy.

  1. Apply a little amount of the new product on your skin in a discreet area like your inner arm or the inside of your wrist.
  2. Wait for 48 hours to observe if there has been any reaction.
  3. Check the tested area again at 96 hours after application to observe any delayed reaction.

If the product does not suit your skin, you will see redness, small bumps, feel irritation, or itchiness on the spot. If you experience any of these, wash your skin with water and a mild cleanser. Do not apply the same product again and try out another with ingredients better suited for your skin type and skin sensitivity.

FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

There are a few things that are generally important regardless of your skin type. You need to develop a lifestyle that takes care of your skin.

  1. Try to drink plenty of water throughout the day. Make sure you stay hydrated. Your overall health will improve and your skin will thank you for it.
  2. Change your pillowcase at least once a week.
  3. Wash or wrap up your hair before bed.
  4. Wear a sunscreen all the time. Use an umbrella or a hat for maximum protection when you step under the sun.

Things to avoid

Try not to go for the always trending DIY home remedies. Some of these can badly affect your skin and cause more damage. Stuff like lemon juice, baking soda, garlic, toothpaste, sugar, topical application of vitamin E. Some ingredients present in these substances are harsh for your skin and can do you more harm than good.

You are equipped now to start your skincare journey and it won’t be long till you start seeing and enjoying the results. Good luck!

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